Fragmented Characters/Fragmented Narrative Voices: Textual and Extratextual Devices in Desde la sombra (2016) by Juan José Millás and La habitación oscura (2013) by Isaac Rosa

Marta Perez-Carbonell

Abstract


This article explores different depictions of fragmentation in the realm of contemporary Spanish fiction, analysing diegetic literary devices in Desde la sombra (2016) by Juan Jose Millás and comparing them with the extradiegetic devices used by Isaac Rosa in La habitación oscura (2013). Through a close textual analysis of the main character’s fragmentation, the notion of ‘Otherness’ will be examined within the ‘real’ and imagined scenarios in Millás’s novel. In order to analyse its effect on the plot and the type of fragmented self proposed by the author, the figure of the ‘Other’ will be framed through Lacan’s Mirror Stage, and also trace the protagonist’s need to be narrated as part of his disorder. In Rosa’s text, the fragmentation responds to extratextual features; its unusual mode of narration (shifting between second person singular and first person plural) will be examined in the light of narratological theories that frame its extradiegetic nature as a most unusual text. As well as drawing on their unique textual characteristics (Desde la sombra) and narrative voices (La habitación oscura), this article attempts to expound on their less obvious common ground and establish what these two seemingly different texts have in common. Who is the real ‘Other’ in each text? Are they proposing something similar despite portraying fragmentation on different textual levels?

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alber, Jan, 2016, Unnatural narrative: Impossible Worlds of Fiction and Drama, Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska.

Amago, Samuel, 2006, True Lies: Narrative Self-Consciousness in the Contemporary Spanish Novel, Lewisburg, PA, Bucknell University Press.

Baudrillard, Jean; Marc Guillaume, 2008, Radical Alterity, Ames Hodges, trans., Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Genette, Gérard, 1980, Narrative Discourse: An Essay in Method, Jane E. Lewin, trans., Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press.

Gutiérrez García, Mercedes, 2011, “Laura y Julio: la individualidad en la otredad”, Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 88, 545-82.

Jameson, Frederic, 1991, Postmodernism or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism, Durham, NC, Duke University Press.

Lacan, Jacques, 1977, “The Mirror Stage as formative of the function of the I as revealed by psychoanalytic experience”, in Écrits: a selection, Alan Sheridan, trans., London, Tavistock Publications, 1-8.

Lanser, Susan S., 1996, “Queering narratology”, in Ambiguous Discourse: Feminist Narratology and British Women Writers, Kathy Mezei ed., Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Press, 250-61.

Jurado Morales, José, 2014, “La literatura como responsabilidad social: La habitación oscura de Isaac Rosa”, Ínsula 809, 34-37.

MacIntyre, Alasdair, 1985, After Virtue: a Study in Moral Theory, London, Duckworth.

Masoliver Ródenas, Juan Antonio, 2009, “Juan José Millas: viaje al centro de la realidad”, in Juan José Millás: cuadernos de narrativa, Neuchâtel, Université de Neuchâtel, 47-67.

Matthews, William, 2003, “The Fragmented Self/Subject”, Journal of Macrodynamic Analysis 3, 205-33.

Millás, Juan José, 2016, Desde la sombra, Barcelona, Seix Barral.

Richardson, Brian, 2006, Unnatural Voices: Extreme Narration in Modern and Contemporary Fiction, Columbus, OH, Ohio State University Press.

Rosa, Isaac, 2013, La habitación oscura, Barcelona, Seix Barral.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.